Reading Test1

     The First Amendment to the American Constitution
     declares freedom of the press to all people. Although this
     right was not officially adopted until 1791, the famous
     Zenger trial of 1735 laid the groundwork for insuring this
(5) precious freedom.
     John Peter Zenger emigrated as a teenager from Germa-
     ny. Jn 1733, he began publishing the New York Weekly
     Journal. The following year, he was arrested for writing a
     story about the crown-appointed governor of New York.
(10) While Zenger was imprisoned for nine months, his wife
     dutifully published the newspaper every day, bravely telling
     the truth about the corrupt government officials sent by the
     king to govern the colonies.
     Finally Zenger's long-awaited trial took place. The hos-
15) tile judge dismissed Zenger's local lawyers, making it
     necessary for his wife to seek out Andrew Hamilton, a
     prominent Philadelphia lawyer. Persuaded by Hamilton,
     the jury bravely returned a not-guilty verdict, defying the
     judge's orders for a conviction.
(20) As a result of determination and bravery on the part of
     the colonists, a lasting victory for freedom of the press was
     gained by a young immigrant